Oncotarget

Research Papers:

GIT1 promotes lung cancer cell metastasis through modulating Rac1/Cdc42 activity and is associated with poor prognosis

Jeng-Shou Chang _, Chia-Yi Su, Wen-Hsuan Yu, Wei-Jiunn Lee, Yu-Peng Liu, Tsung-Ching Lai, Yi-Hua Jan, Yi-Fang Yang, Chia-Ning Shen, Jin-Yuh Shew, Jean Lu, Chih-Jen Yang, Ming-Shyan Huang, Pei-Jung Lu, Yuan-Feng Lin, Min-Liang Kuo, Kuo-Tai Hua, Michael Hsiao

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Oncotarget. 2015; 6:36278-36291. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.5531

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Abstract

Jeng-Shou Chang1,2, Chia-Yi Su2, Wen-Hsuan Yu3,4, Wei-Jiunn Lee5,6, Yu-Peng Liu7, Tsung-Ching Lai2, Yi-Hua Jan2, Yi-Fang Yang2, Chia-Ning Shen2, Jin-Yuh Shew2, Jean Lu2, Chih-Jen Yang8, Ming-Shyan Huang8, Pei-Jung Lu9, Yuan-Feng Lin10, Min-Liang Kuo11, Kuo-Tai Hua12, Michael Hsiao2

1Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan

2Medical Biology, Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

3Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA

4Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Houston Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA

5Department of Urology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

6Department of Medical Education and Research, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

7Institute of Genomic Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

8Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

9Institute of Clinical Medicine, Medical College, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

10Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

11Institute of Biochemical Science, National Taiwan University College of Life Science, Taipei, Taiwan

12Graduate Institute of Toxicology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence to:

Michael Hsiao, e-mail: mhsiao@gate.sinica.edu.tw

Kuo-Tai Hua, e-mail: kthua@ntu.edu.tw

Keywords: GIT1, Rac1/Cdc42, Rho GTPases, metastasis, lung cancer prognosis

Received: April 17, 2015     Accepted: September 28, 2015     Published: October 08, 2015

ABSTRACT

G-protein-coupled receptor kinase interacting protein 1 (GIT1) is participated in cell movement activation, which is a fundamental process during tissue development and cancer progression. GIT1/PIX forming a functional protein complex that contributes to Rac1/Cdc42 activation, resulting in increasing cell mobility. Although the importance of Rac1/Cdc42 activation is well documented in cancer aggressiveness, the clinical importance of GIT1 remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the clinical significance of GIT1 expression in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and also verified the importance of GIT1-Rac1/Cdc42 axis in stimulating NSCLC cell mobility. The result indicated higher GIT1 expression patients had significantly poorer prognoses in disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) compared with lower GIT1 expression patients. Higher GIT1 expression was an independent prognostic factor by multivariate analysis and associated with migration/invasion of NSCLC cells in transwell assay. In vivo studies indicated that GIT1 promotes metastasis of NSCLC cells. Finally, GIT1 was found to stimulate migration/invasion by altering the activity of Rac1/Cdc42 in NSCLC cells. Together, the GIT1 expression is associated with poor prognosis in patients with NSCLC. GIT1 is critical for the invasiveness of NSCLC cells through stimulating the activity of Rac1/Cdc42.

Author Information

Jeng-Shou Chang
Primary Contact  _

Chia-Yi Su

Wen-Hsuan Yu

Wei-Jiunn Lee

Yu-Peng Liu

Tsung-Ching Lai

Yi-Hua Jan

Yi-Fang Yang

Chia-Ning Shen

Jin-Yuh Shew

Jean Lu

Chih-Jen Yang

Ming-Shyan Huang

Pei-Jung Lu

Yuan-Feng Lin

Min-Liang Kuo

Kuo-Tai Hua

Michael Hsiao


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